Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

Average experience of homelessness in our country – seven years. Remember also our climate and do conclusions. Not the superfluous will remember and that statistically on the average in life half a year on the street the person has changes in mentality then it only cannot any more, but also does not want to return to society. «A Pokrovsk community» – one of the oldest charitable organisations of St. Petersburg. Since the end of the 80th years her sisters worked, as volunteers, in Pokrovsk hospital, since the 1995th year – in Mariinsky. Later «The Pokrovsk community» had also one more activity – a shelter for homeless disabled people. The main sister of «A Pokrovsk community» Galina Klishova tells:

Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

Galina Klishova

We have started to be engaged in the homeless systematically since the end of the 90th – as with the widespread phenomenon, we have faced them in hospitals with which co-operated. Then still homeless there was the first medical care on the street, and in case of need they were brought to hospital. Then, in the mid-nineties the homeless became more, and in their hospitals became less. It is connected with that there was an insurance medicine. And the homeless it is frequent not only persons without a certain residence, but also the person without documents. But the insurance medicine assumes existence at the person of the passport and existence of insurance company which will pay stay of this person in hospital. And here we began to notice that the homeless getting to hospital, is very quickly written out, without having managed to recover. Our sisters often asked to lead up such patients to a transport stop. In such a way the hospital was simply released from such patients. For ourselves we have defined this phenomenon as anti-human, anti-Christian, and began to try to turn on this attention of the authorities – wrote to Committee on social protection of the population. There to us answered that it is problems not them, and Committee on health care. But our such activity was in a separation from care about specific people. Besides, in the power anybody especially did not aspire to be engaged in the homeless. We began to think that any stationary establishment in which these people could live is necessary when their documents will be restored. Only with documents it was possible to arrange somehow further their life, as a rule, to send them in boarding schools – because more often people got to hospital already with heavy forms of disability: it or frostbite (means in the long term – the disabled person-kolyasochnik), is strokes, heart attacks, oncological diseases. As a rule, there should be very serious reason that the homeless has appeared on a hospital bed. First we have gone on such way: using a personal contact, transferred disabled people from hospital to hospital for that period for which we can provide the following stage of the device of human life. While our wards lay in hospitals, we were engaged in registration of their documents. Some years so proceeded. But then we have decided that it is necessary to create any hospital.« The Pokrovsk community» several times participated in declared KUGI competitions to receive any room for the shelter organisation on favourable terms. But these rooms were always in such condition that repair appeared for us is too expensive. Later we have found the sponsor, and with his help we managed to have rooms in the same yard, as our main office. Our financing consists of target donations, sometimes and state. And that time the state has allocated to us money for room repair. It was in the 2004th year. Officially our shelter has opened in the 2005th year, but also before we did not stop work with the homeless.

Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

In «A Pokrovsk community»

– How long the person can be in your shelter? On how many places it is calculated?

At us term is not limited. Who lives and for three years, someone it is necessary to live at us constantly. But such live not in the shelter. «The Pokrovsk community» has a country project in Luzhka’s settlement of the Vyborg region of the Leningrad region – nursing home. There we can take only very elderly people. But among homeless disabled people there are a lot of men of middle age.

Our shelter on eight places, the sizes of a room any more do not allow. Now it is the flat on the ground floor at the same entrance, in which and our office. Though we could contain a shelter on 20 places. But in business at us always the person of 30 homeless disabled people – those to whom we help to restore documents, we are engaged in case of need in sending of these people to other cities. Also, if it is necessary, we define people in hospitals – for repeated inspections, for treatment. And we call our shelter a transit hospital, that is this place of temporary stay. Further they can be determined by a place of the last registration – we had cases when our volunteers accompanied to settlements very remote from St. Petersburg. Still we try to return some of our wards to families – and we had successful experiences of such solution of their problems.

Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

In «A Pokrovsk community»

– It becomes in case the person in a place of its last registration has any housing?

Under the law social services can appear to the citizen of Russia only in a place of its last registration. It is a discrimination situation, and certain amendments only recently have been adopted. But all of us cannot refuse norms of a police state yet. So nonresident we can help here with St. Petersburg to restore the passport. But we cannot define, for example, it here in a boarding school.

– As usual попаают to you in a shelter?

As before, first of all through hospitals in which our volunteers work. The homeless gets to hospital after a numerous call of "Ambulance". We are called by citizens and speak:« At our entrance homeless, it in bad condition». I ask, whether caused "fast". It becomes clear that caused, but "fast" having arrived, to take away it has refused. I in such cases speak so: we can take the homeless in our shelter only after the citizen who has called me, will go up to the end in absolutely desire to help, the BUM at clinical infectious hospital of a name of Botkin that this homeless was somehow examined by doctors will reach a health centre for persons. After all to take the homeless directly from the street, it is necessary to carry out disinfection (and we have no such possibility), references that it has no infectious diseases are necessary. We cannot risk human health which already live at us in a shelter. And with the doctor from a health centre at Botkinsky hospital we is constant on communication, he knows, whether there are at us places in a shelter, it can help with hospitalisation of the person.

– «The Pokrovsk community» co-operates with other public organisations which are taking up the problems of the homeless?

We actively co-operate with a Catholic shelter of sisters of Mother Teresa, with the St. Petersburg charitable public organisation "Nochlezhka". For example, we give to their shelter of the person capable, and from them we take away the disabled person. To us pupils of orphanages – wards of «Orthodox children’s mission» come, arrange concerts. Someone from these children has already seized art of the hairdresser – they cut our wards.

Problem of each homeless it is frequent a problem not its personal, and a society and state problem. Very many of the homeless is not that lose housing because of the asotsialny way of life. The reasons different – how many destinies, are so much reasons. And the state houses of night stay is the solution of some problems only for inhabitants of this or that area, and rather healthy, there at all do not accept disabled people. Yes the disabled person and unable to collect such number of references which are necessary for hit in these establishments. These houses of night stay – the next game of the state for the aid to the people as solves only a part of problems.

– At people who get to a shelter of «A Pokrovsk community», disability more often acquired or is more than disabled from childhood?

It is the disability acquired already during their homeless life more often. To us the homeless with an experience from three years gets. There are the disabled people who have left jails and could not be defined anywhere.

– Whether there is a lot of among your wards of people with mental violations?

I think, to us stays percent of 60 such people. Practically all of them define then in psychoneurological boarding schools. At us three years there lives the person with the diagnosis «an oligofreniye in a moronity stage». He is disabled from childhood, unclear from where has arrived, and it is very difficult to define that in his stories is the truth. He cannot call the name at all, responds to any: «You are Yura?» – "Yura", «You are Glory?» – "Glory". In one of hospitals it conditionally called Slava Ivanov, now it at us Slava Ivanov. According to its stories, it allegedly from Tula region, was then any time with Roma who carried it, it collected alms, and then they for any reason left it. We have addressed in police, the inspector tried to find out something about it, proceeding from his stories, but it has already put the almost closed. And we have drawn attention of many people to its destiny and we bring an attention to the question that it after all have defined in any boarding school. At present it has no documents. The court recognised it incapacitated. He cannot live without support but as does not need compulsory treatment, in hospital it simply so cannot take.

Galina Klishova: In Russia any homeless – the potential disabled person

In «A Pokrovsk community»

– You are interested in destiny of your wards after they go to boarding schools or somewhere else?

We know about the majority of our wards. First, we whenever possible visit them. Secondly, they call us. Still we tried to organise labour artel in the House boarding school for aged and disabled people No. 1 on Poklonnogorskaya Street. The system of workshops at similar establishments is almost destroyed, very little where something similar remained. But while this project has not had development.

– Than your wards while live in a shelter are engaged? 

We have rehabilitation programs – I consider that it is essentially important. For example, work therapy. We have agreed with a workshop "Skudelnik" at Alexander Nevsky Lavra, began to take from them simple orders and to give this work to people who have already received passports. People receive money for this work, but this and some kind of the rehabilitation program, work therapy. Still our wards do cards. We have an art therapist. Among our wards remarkable artists meet, and we have held two exhibitions of their works – in Anna Akhmatova’s museum, in Mitkov gallery. These exhibitions – a part of art therapy. Also to us students of the Theological seminary come, give talks on evangelical subjects. Naturally, those from our wards who the believer, visit the temple at Mariinsky hospital, причащаются and confess. To visit church services by it volunteers help.

Site of «A Pokrovsk community»: http://www.omophor.ru

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